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Information about vacuum birth in a nut shell

All of us would have heard about assisted birth, and the first thing that would have crossed your mind is why it is needed in the first place. This form of birth is needed when your baby needs some form of help to be born which is right towards the end during the pushing stages of labor. As far as the two most common methods of assisted birth are concerned, they are forceps along with vacuum extractor delivery. The latter is also referred to as ventouse.

A ventouse happens to be an instrument in the form of a suction cup. This soft plastic cup is attached to the head of a baby with a degree of suction, and the medical staff uses the handle on the cup which helps to move the baby out of the birth canal.
The main reasons for a vacuum assisted delivery?

Vacuum assisted delivery can occur for a variety of reasons. Perhaps the most common among them is when the baby has become distressed and is close enough to the stages of birth, where a ventouse can speed up the process.

During normal process, it may take more than an hour to push the baby without any form of assistance. If the need arises for the baby to be born in a matter of minutes, then only a vacuum assisted birth is the solution. The other reasons for vacuum assisted birth are as follows
  • Pushing for a long period after dilation has been complete
  • The mother is exhausted after a long period of pushing
  • For medical reasons, pushing can be considered a risky affair
  • Baby is showing signs of distress and the baby needs to be pushed quickly than what the mother can push
  • Mother cannot push due to an existing medical condition that could be a spinal or an epidural block
  • The head of the baby is not an optimal position for birth
If a vacuum assisted birth is the only solution, then your health provider needs to assess whether the baby is low enough and being close to be born. If the head of the baby is on the higher side, then a C – section may be needed.

The side effects along with risks

Babies who normally are born by ventouse, develop a bump or swelling on their head where the suction cup is attached. Though this cup may cause a certain degree of discomfort, but it is removed after 48 hours of your birth.

Babies who are born by this type of method may look a lot unsettled, and cranky in the first few days and this is especially so when strangers handle them. Emotional bonding with the mother may help or cranial therapy to deal with any type of headache. The other risks involve
  • Any form of bleeding under the scalp of the baby, which does cause long term problems and fades away with the passage of time
  • Bleeding inside the skull or the covering of the skull. This may cause swelling on the side of the baby’s head.